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Home > Thèses et HDR > Thèses en 2020

20/02/2020 - Thanh Kha TRAN

by Laurent Krähenbühl - published on , updated on

Mr Thanh Kha TRAN defends his PhD on Feb. 20, 2020 at 2:00 PM.
Place : Omega, UCB Lyon 1.

Title:Power Line Communication design on DC supply bus for distributed power

Jury :
Mr. Christophe BATARD, Maître de Conférences/HDR, Université de Nantes, Rapporteur
Mr. Jean-Marc THIRIET, Professeur des Universités, Université Grenoble Alpes, Rapporteur
Mme. Séverine CRASTES-VESSOT, Professeure des Universités, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Examinatrice
Mme. Maria JOÃO M. MARTINS, Professeure, Université Academia Militar Lisbonne (Portugal), Examinatrice
Mr. Quoc Dung PHAN, Maître de Conférences, Institut Polytechnique de Ho Chi Minh Ville (Vietnam), Examinateur
Mr. Hamed YAHOUI, Maître de Conférences/HDR, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Directeur de thèse
Mr. Denis GENON-CATALOT, Maître de Conférences, Grenoble INP, Co-encadrant, Invité

Abstract :
The use of electrical wires to provide data transmission capabilities, known as Power Line Communication (PLC), has recently attracted considerable attention from the research community and industry, as well as from regulatory and standardization bodies. PLC networks boast several outstanding features that make them both a useful complement and a strong competitor for wireless networking solutions. The most obvious appeal of PLC networks is their low deployment cost when a wired electrical infrastructure is already in place. Besides, PLC networks allow communication through obstacles that commonly degrade wireless signals and deliver high data-rates simultaneously. PLC also provides a low-cost alternative that complements existing technologies with the aim of ubiquitous coverage. However, most PLC solutions are used on the AC grid. Until now, there are only a few studies on PLC for the DC grid, especially the DC microgrid. This thesis focuses on proposing an innovative and straightforward PLC solution for applications in DC energy distribution systems. This subject refers to a part of the C3μ project funded by the National Research Agency of France (ANR). This C3μ project investigates the possibility of using a DC smart microgrid architecture for distributing electricity in buildings instead of an AC one.

This thesis has proposed a powerline communication solution for DC microgrid based on a new powerline physical modem on DC bus and CANopen (an open standard coming from the automotive industry). Moreover, a real DC microgrid testbed with PV, LED, and the battery has been implemented as a research tool for communication. The practical data transmission tests between PLC nodes have been carried out to evaluate the performance of our solution against the requirements set by the DC microgrid applications. The main results concerning the applicability of this concept and its limitations have also been presented.

Keywords: Powerline Communication, PLC, DC Microgrid, Smart grid, Protocol Stack

Keywords :
Powerline Communication, PLC, DC Microgrid, Smart grid, Protocol Stack